In 1964, the Ictp (International Centre of Theoretical Physics), that is the first UN international centre for
The products of this centre have been particularly relevant; for example, they have created models to forecast the weather. Most importantly, eighty Nobel Prize winners have studied in Trieste. Also, 120 thousand international students have studied there, amongst whom the President of Albania between 1997 and 2002 and the current Minister of Education in Senegal.
From this first centre, many others were founded along Italy's Adriatic coast, such as the Third World Academy of Science, 1984 and Icgeb (International Centre Genetics Engineering Biotechnology), which opened ten years later. Research projects on the regeneration of body tissues, sclerosis or on the vaccinations for malaria, attract every year thousands of foreign brains. ICRAnet (International Centre for Relativistic Science) in Pescara, from its opening in 2003, has published important papers on black holes and has contributed in solving Einstein equations on the Big Bang.
The scientific cluster scattered along the Adriatic coast keeps attracting new talents. These students of great potential often get attached to Italy, learn our language and in most cases choose it as their country of residence. Italy has achieved excellent relationships with developing countries, fostering local scientific innovation: Ictp has opened two subsidiaries in Mexico and Brazil; Twas has five offices: Egypt, Kenya, India, China and Brazil and many others.
Every year Italy allocates ?33 millions to foster scientific innovation in the country. This shines a positive light on Italian industrial production, especially in the field of aerospace engineering and biotechnology.